You know hearing lots about young ladies being diagnosed with breast cancer can be disheartening and questions like what could be the reason keeps springing up by the hour.
Let’s get to know more about breast cancer, meanwhile this blog post is inspired by someone I know who beat breast cancer and permit me to say, I am happy.
Breast cancer is cancer of the cells of the breast and breast cancer has been documented as the leading cancer after Skin Cancer.
Breast cancer is not exclusive to women alone, the Male gender can equally suffer from this cancer with high prevalence in women.
There are various types of breast cancer and it’s best one finds out the specific type to aid in proper treatment.
Just like every other cancer, breast cancer starts with abnormal growth of breast cells down to their rapid growth, accumulation and eventually forming Breast Lump with the ability to spread to other parts of the body.
Various factors are involved in development of breast cancer and they include sumarringly environmental and genetics factor
- Being female. Women are much more likely than men are to develop breast cancer.
- Increasing age.
- A personal history of breast conditions.
- A personal history of breast cancer. Assuming a history of breast cancer in one breast has occurred, chances of breast cancer in the other breast is there, this being the reason why it’s adviced to take out the two in event of cancer in one.
- A family history of breast cancer. May be mother, sister or daughter was diagnosed with breast cancer, particularly at a young age, ones risk of breast cancer is increased. Still, the majority of people diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of the disease.
- Inherited genes that increase cancer risk. Certain gene mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer can be passed from parents to children. The most well-known gene mutations are referred to as BRCA1 and BRCA2.
- Radiation exposure. This is mostly seen when an individual has received radiation treatments to the chest as a child or young adult,risk of breast cancer is increased.
- Obesity. Being obese increases risk of breast cancer.
- Beginning period at a younger age. Beginning period before age 12 increases your risk of breast cancer according to researchers.
- Beginning menopause at an older age.
- Giving birth to first child at an older age. Women who give birth to their first child after age 30 may have an increased risk of breast cancer.
- Having never been pregnant. Women who have never been pregnant have a greater risk of breast cancer than do women who have had one or more pregnancies.
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy. Women who take hormone therapy medications that combine estrogen and progesterone to treat the signs and symptoms of menopause have an increased risk of breast cancer. The risk of breast cancer decreases when women stop taking these medications.
- Drinking alcohol. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer. Someday I hope to blog about the dangers associated with alcohol to both sexes.
The signs and Symptoms are quite similar to those seen in Breast Lump and they are
- A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
- Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast
- Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
- A newly inverted nipple
- Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin
- Redness or pitting of the skin over breast, like the skin of an orange.
Diagnosing is quite similar to aforementioned
- Breast Examination
- Breast Ultrasound
- Breast MRI
Treatment is basically surgery after it’s been confirmed to be cancerous.
It could either be
- Lumpectomy which is removal of the cancer
- Mastectomy that is removal of entire breast tissue
- Removal of several or limited lymph nodes which aids to curtail it’s spread to nearby organs.
- Sometimes Radiotherapy and chemotherapy is utilized in breast cancer treatment.
While breast cancer can be treated and survival rate especially when diagnosed early is high, it can equally be prevented by
- Routine breast cancer screening ie mammogram
- Self examination
- Exercise : be physically active
- Choosing a healthy diet that includes fruits and vegetables, cutting off all junks if possible.
- Maintaining a healthy weight and lifestyle.
- Moderating alcohol intake level or abstaining from alcohol intake.
- Chemo prevention where one can take estrogen blocking medications.
- Preventive surgery which is an option to ladies that are at risk if breast cancer having watched and observed your family history for breast cancer is hereditary.
- Reduction in radiation exposure
- Limiting post menopausal hormone therapy.
- No smoking or quitting if one smokes.
Saw this somewhere 👇
- Grapes: Grapes contain a compound called proanthocyanidins that reduces the body’s estrogen production. These results in the effective treatment of breast cancer, as is evident from the clinical trials performed over several breast cancer patients. The study showed that the extract of grapes affects breast cancer tumors that are hormone-sensitive. A drug called doxorubicin was also found to enhance its anti-tumor activity by consuming grapes juice or extract everyday as a supplemental treatment.
- Green Tea: Prepare herbal green tea by boiling some amount of tea leaves in a glass of water till it reduces to half. This has anti-inflammatory properties and is very effective against breast cancer formation.
- Low calorie diet: Research suggests that low calorie diet may slow down the spread of breast cancer.
- Olive Oil: Olive oil is known for its health benefits. It also reduces risk of cancer. Recent research study suggests that hydroxytyrosol, a major component of olive oil may help prevent breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
- Soybean: This is one of the known dietary elements that are considered to be an absolute must for breast cancer patients. According to the MD Anderson Cancer Center, it contains phytoestrogens and several other entities that block cancerous cells from using estrogen. It also contains isoflavones needed for the prevention of cancer at early stages. It can be taken either as sprouts or as a cooked vegetable.
- Vitamin D: Vitamin D intake has been associated with a lower risk of breast cancer. This can be found in milk, eggs, and cod liver oil, but not in cheese and yogurt.
- Wheatgrass: This widely praised type of health grass is known to be advantageous to cancer patients. Wheatgrass, when taken in the form of juice or raw is shown to regress cancer cells’ growth as demonstrated by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre. It has the ability to enhance the immune system, and rids your body of toxins and waste products.
Breast cancer kills quite fast, go for routine or encourage your spouse to go for routine mammogram in order to stay alive.
A family without women isn’t always nice.
Stay alive ladies!!!